Women in low and middleincome countries need radiotherapy to treat their cervical

first_img Source:University Health Network These are women in their prime who are working, caring for children, and contributing to their communities. We have made huge progress in tackling other infectious disease and in reducing maternal mortality, so that women are now living long enough to develop diseases such as cancer and heart disease.Vaccination is hugely important, but we can’t neglect the millions of women who are contracting cervical cancer and dying in pain without access to treatment. These are women who have curable cancers – even advanced cervical cancer can be cured with radiotherapy. The possibility exists to make this treatment universally available.”Dr. Danielle Rodin, Clinician-Investigator and Radiation Oncologist, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre Reviewed by Alina Shrourou, B.Sc. (Editor)May 29 2019A first of its kind study is reporting that millions of women in low- and middle-income countries will need life-saving radiotherapy to treat their cervical cancer, despite the growth of essential human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination prevention programs.The availability of radiotherapy in these regions would generate millions of productive life years and billions of dollars in economic benefits for their families and communities.The study modeled the long-term demand, benefit and cost of implementing a 20-year strategy for radiotherapy to treat cervical cancer in low- and middle-income countries between 2015 and 2035, alongside a simultaneous vaccination program.Low-income and middle-income countries include those with a gross national income of less than $12,000 USD a year.Related StoriesStudy reveals link between inflammatory diet and colorectal cancer riskTrends in colonoscopy rates not aligned with increase in early onset colorectal cancerUsing machine learning algorithm to accurately diagnose breast cancerThe research entitled “Scale-up of radiotherapy for cervical cancer in the era of human papillomavirus vaccination in low-income and middle-income countries: A model-based analysis of need and economic impact,” by lead author Dr. Danielle Rodin and senior author Dr. Michael Milosevic, in the Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre is published in the May 24, 2019 online edition of The Lancet Oncology.In the designated 20-year-time span, the study estimated that 9.4 million women in these countries will require radiotherapy – the gold standard for curing women with more advanced cervical cancer. This would result in a net benefit to the economies of these countries of $151.5 billion over the same time period as a direct result of women living longer, more productive lives.HPV vaccination would result in a 3.9% reduction in cervical cancer incidence over the study period – assuming a best case scenario of vaccinating every 12-year-old girl in the world starting in 2014. By 2072, when the first vaccinated cohort reaches 70 years of age, there would be a 22.9% reduction in incidence, still leaving 41.6 million in need for radiotherapy over that time period.Almost all cervical cancers are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection. There are more than 100 types of HPV, of which more than 40 can cause cervical cancer. Persistent HPV infections can sometimes develop into cervical cancer if not treated.last_img read more

Image 3Dmolded interconnect devices

Citation: Image: 3-D-molded interconnect devices (2018, April 11) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-04-image-d-molded-interconnect-devices.html An alternative to conventional circuit boards, these ‘3-D-molded interconnect devices’ add electrical connectivity to the surface of three-dimensional structures. Explore further Credit: ESA/Art of Technology AG New method developed to 3-D print fully functional electronic circuits Provided by European Space Agency This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. The aim is to combine mechanical, electronic and potentially optical functions in a single 3-D part, allowing the creation of intricate, precisely aligned designs using fewer parts while delivering significant savings in space and weight compared to conventional electronic manufacturing.”These prototype interconnect devices were produced using injection-moulded plastics incorporating electrical metallisation,” explains ESA’s Jussi Hokka. “In principle, however, other materials can also be used, allowing the incorporation of sensors or the integration of shielding or cooling systems.” read more

Study questions current regulations on light pollution and calls for paradigm shift

first_img Citation: Study questions current regulations on light pollution and calls for paradigm shift (2019, May 10) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-05-current-pollution-paradigm-shift.html Explore further Light pollution: The dark side of keeping the lights on Bright lighting conditionsMore specifically, when we go about our activities under dark lighting conditions, the human eye does not operate in the same way as it does in brightly-lit environments, but rather with what is known as mesopic vision. The characteristics of mesopic vision are particularly pronounced in settings such as very poorly-lit roads in rural areas, nature parks, areas near observatories, and so on. In this regard, the main characteristic of human vision in low lighting conditions is that white light is more effective.”Even though this is a known fact, the regulations governing light pollution are based on brightly-lit conditions. This means that the amount of white light necessary in light-protected areas has been overestimated,” says Dr. Peña.In short, in poorly-lit areas, the same effect in terms of visual perception and safety can be achieved by using a lower level of white light compared to the yellow light the law dictates for such areas.The study, which was conducted by Dr. Peña in collaboration with Adam Sedziwy of the AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, compared the scattered radiant flux, directed skyward, together with the electric energy consumed on a road in a light-protected area, under white light conditions (which is prohibited in this type of area) vs. the commonly-used yellowish light.”Although there is greater scattering when white light is used, the lower level of power needed to achieve the same degree of visual efficiency as light with a yellow hue more than makes up for this effect, and it produces a very significant energy saving. Specifically, the results we obtained show that white light provides an energy saving of 18 MWh per year, for every 5 km of road. And in both cases, the effect of the two types of lighting on drivers’ circadian rhythms are negligible in this type of setting, the dimly-lit road,” the researcher emphasizes.Dr. Peña warns that, although upwardly-directed scattered radiant energy is not directly comparable with the electric energy consumed, the savings achieved by using white light—in energy, environmental, and economic terms—together with the identical level of user safety it provides, should lead the government and regulatory bodies to approach the fight against light pollution from this much broader and more holistic perspective. An international study involving researchers from the University of Granada (UGR), Spain, and the University of Krakow (Poland) has found that Spain’s current regulations on light pollution are inadequate, as they fail to take into account all the necessary factors—including the key factor of human vision itself. Light pollution is a major problem, in energy, environmental, and economic terms. Credit: UGRcenter_img More information: Antonio Peña-García et al, Optimizing Lighting of Rural Roads and Protected Areas with White Light: A Compromise among Light Pollution, Energy Savings, and Visibility, LEUKOS (2019). DOI: 10.1080/15502724.2019.1574138 In an article published in LEUKOS, the high-impact US Journal of the Illuminating Engineering Society, the scientists call on the government and regulatory bodies to use white rather than yellow light to illuminate areas that require special protection from light pollution (for example, those close to scientific observatories or nature parks). They claim white light is much more beneficial, both economically and environmentally.In their study, the researchers propose a change in the current paradigm, to approach the fight against light pollution “from a much broader and more holistic perspective.” Light pollution is a problem of the first order, in terms of energy consumption, the environment, and the economy. Its effects on public health, the equilibrium of ecosystems, and observational astronomy, to name but a few areas, have led governments worldwide to pass laws to minimize it.In simple terms, light pollution is caused by artificial night lighting that provides more light than is strictly necessary (over-illumination) or that is misdirected to somewhere it is not wanted or needed. Examples of the latter include the outdoor lighting that can trespass into homes, potentially altering people’s circadian rhythms, or the typical spherical street lamps that cast light skyward, where it is of little use and can adversely affect certain ecosystems and activities such as astronomical observation.These two causes of light pollution are not difficult to control, despite their proliferation in many municipalities around the world. However, there is a third cause that has captured the attention of researchers, but its eradication can be a source of controversy: the white light used in most outdoor LED illumination, which is dispersed throughout the atmosphere. This phenomenon is known as scattering.To avoid light scattering in the night sky, many countries prohibit the use of white light in protected areas such as observatories and nature parks. However, “this approach to light pollution, which almost exclusively focused on scattering, overlooks fundamental aspects of the visual perception of users and, therefore, their very safety,” explains Antonio Peña García, researcher at the UGR’s Department of Civil Engineering, director of the university’s Lighting Technology for Safety and Sustainability Research Group, and principal author of the study. Provided by University of Granada This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

BJP will form government in 45 days says Karnataka unit chief BS

first_img Next Press Trust of India BengaluruJuly 16, 2019UPDATED: July 16, 2019 06:54 IST BS Yeddyurappa claimed that Karnataka Chief Minister HD Kumaraswamy would fail to save the coalition government.As the Congress- Janata Dal (Secular) (JD(S)) coalition government faced uncertainty over its numbers, Bharatiya Janata Party’s (BJP) Karnataka unit chief BS Yeddyurappa on Monday said he was confident of forming the government in the next four to five days.BS Yeddyurappa’s claim came on a day when the assembly speaker KR Ramesh Kumar fixed July 18 for taking up the confidence motion moved by Chief Minister HD Kumaraswamy, whose government is on the verge of collapse after 16 MLAs resigned from the assembly.”I am quite confident that the BJP government will come into existence in the next three to four days. The BJP will give the best administration in Karnataka,” BS Yeddyurappa told reporters.BS Yeddyurappa claimed HD Kumaraswamy would fail to save the coalition government.”HD Kumaraswamy will not be able to continue as chief minister. He too knows it. I think he will quit after making a good speech in the assembly,” BS Yeddyurappa, who had quit in similar circumstances early last year, said.BS Yeddyurappa had stepped down as chief minister before the confidence motion was taken up for voting as he failed to muster enough numbers for the BJP which had emerged as the single largest party with 105 seats in the 224-member House.The ruling coalition’s total strength is 116 (Congress-78, JD(S)-37 and BSP-1), besides the Speaker.With the support of the two independents, the BJP has 107 MLAs in the House, where the half-way mark is 113.If the resignations of the 16 MLAs are accepted, the coalition’s tally will be reduced to 100.ALSO READ | Karnataka crisis: Speaker has no right to disqualify anybody, says YeddyurappaALSO READ | Karnataka Crisis Live Updates: Kumaraswamy government to face trust vote on ThursdayALSO WATCH | Karnataka BJP chief Yeddyurappa politicizes airstrikesFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted byShahrukh Tags :Follow congressFollow JDSFollow YeddyurappaFollow BJPFollow H D KumaraswamyFollow BSPFollow MLA BJP will form government in 4-5 days, says Karnataka unit chief BS YeddyurappaKarnataka BJP chief BS Yeddyurappa’s claim came on a day when the assembly speaker KR Ramesh Kumar fixed July 18 for taking up the confidence motion moved by Chief Minister HD Kumaraswamy.advertisementlast_img read more

Sonias special show for Telangana pollsSonias special show for Telangana polls

first_imgSHARE SHARE EMAIL Published on Telangana Mallial town in Karimnagar district, 200 kms from Hyderabad, hit national news in June 2014 for building a temple for Sonia Gandhi, who was then the president of the Congress, as a gratitude for creating a separate Telangana State.Telangana was born on June 2 and the Congress ended up not in power but in the opposition. The Telangana Rastra Samithi (TRS), led by K Chandrasekhar Rao, came to power winning the larger part of the sentiment.Four and half years later, Sonia Gandhi is all set to enter Telangana and face the people in Medchal on the outskirts of Hyderabad, 150 kms from Mallial. This time, the top leaders of the Congress like Uttam Kumar Reddy, Revanth Reddy, Jana Reddy and veterans S Jaipal Reddy and V Hanumantha Rao are confident that the tide is in their favour and Sonia Gandhi’s visit will provide the impetus.Maiden rallySonia Gandhi has shown special interest in Telangana. When she will deliver a speech on Friday in Medchal, during a three-hour visit, it will be her first election rally in the five States — Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Mizoram and Telangana — which are facing polls for the Legislative Assemblies.The meeting will be a total Sonia Gandhi show with Rahul playing a second fiddle.‘Important State’It shows the importance of polls in Telangana for the grand old party, desperately trying to revive and put up a fight with the BJP in 2019. A victoryin Telangana, where it has also cobbled up an alliance with the Telugu Desam Party (TDP), Communist Party of India and Telangana Jana Samithi (TJS), will bolster Rahul Gandhi’s leadership and boost opposition parties’ chances of forging a winnable alliance for the Lok Sabha (LS) polls.The State Congress leadership is banking on her address and telling the people how the Congress was instrumental in the creation of Telangana right from the first announcement by P Chidambaram in 2009, to passing the bill in LS in 2014. TRS Chief, K Chandrasekhar Rao thanked Sonia Gandhi in 2014 after the LS passed the Bill.As the last day for nomination withdrawal ended on Thursday, the stage is set for the most gruelling phase of the elections scheduled for December 7.The TRS Chief KCR and his son KTR have been on a hectic electioneering in the State. While KCR is focussing on districts, the IT Minister is concentration on Hyderabad and neighbourhood.The next week will see the big guns of the BJP, Amit Shah, leading that party’s charge on a three-day visit from November 25. He will be followed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi the next week.AICC president Rahul Gandhi will have an extensive electioneering during November 28, 29 and December 3. During that time, Rahul and Chandrababu Naidu, who have struck a new bonhomie are expected to campaign for the Mahakutami candidates and even share the dais at a few places. She will deliver a speech on Friday in Medchal SHARE COMMENTS November 22, 2018 COMMENTlast_img read more

Technology fished out 10 million fake ration cards says Fadnavis

first_imgPublic distribution system SHARE SHARE EMAIL COMMENT COMMENTS SHARE Published on Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis (file photo).   –  THE HINDUcenter_img Maharashtra February 20, 2019 e-governance social welfare Maharashtra to adopt RFP model for tender contracts in two months Maharashtra has found as many as 10 million fake ration cards using technology tools, Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis said on Wednesday.He also announced the new model request for proposal (RFP) while tendering out IT contracts, developed by Nasscom and the Union Ministry of Electronics and IT.“The public distribution system (PDS) has changed through technology initiatives. With all the digital initiatives, we have actually found out 10 million fake ration cards,” Fadnavis told the annual Nasscom leadership forum here.The Western state, having a population of over 11 crore, is using technology across all spheres to drive efficiency and for better allocation of resources, he said.Technological tools have taken down malnutrition related deaths to zero in Harisal village of Amravati district, Fadnavis said.Tender contracts through RFPOn the industry’s long-standing demand of tender contracts structuring, Fadnavis announced that the model RFP will be adopted in two months by the state.It can be noted that the IT industry has had concerns regarding selection of bidders and payments for IT contracts.The industry says an IT contract is different from other works and the government cannot insist on aspects like lowest bidder and also payments only at the end of the work.Paperless officeFadnavis said 55 million transactions have happened using the state government’s citizens portal, Aaple Sarkar, which has benefitted one million citizens.He said a special CM’s dashboard has been created to monitor all the projects and schemes centrally, and added that the war room on infra projects also uses a lot of technology to monitor progress.The government demand for paper is also coming down and has halved over the last few years, the chief minister said, adding that the broad objective is to be paperless in future.Fadnavis said technology will help bring equity in the society through democratisation, and will be used more aggressively as the government goes about meeting its social sector goals.He said the state is targeting to be a USD 1 trillion economy by 2025 from the present USD 400 billion.The services sector will have to grow at 15.5 per cent, industry at 13 per cent and agriculture at 6 per cent to achieve this target, he said, inviting the tech industry to set up base in the state.Nasscom president Debjani Ghosh said the domestic IT industry has become a USD 180 billion behemoth, employing four million people directly and serving 75 perc ent of the Fortune 500 companies.She said four global sourcing centres got added in 2018, taking the total number of such centres to 1,000.The challenges before the IT industry are trust, governance, maintaining a balance between privacy and innovation, and the huge talent crisis, she said. last_img read more