Atkins and Nero are already in custody awaiting trial on drug-related charges. The city will also seek an order requiring the property owners, Jacqueline Atkins and Mkrtich Mendikyan, to prohibit loitering and remove all obstructions on or surrounding the property, including opaque fencing, screen doors or tarps. Between June 2005 and February 2007, undercover Los Angeles Police Department officers made 38 arrests stemming from activity at the homes, seizing cocaine, marijuana, weapons and ammunition, police said. Thirteen of those arrested were known gang members. Meanwhile, Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa and Police Chief William Bratton traveled to Sacramento along with their counterparts across the state to discuss ways of combating street crime at a meeting called by Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger. Schwarzenegger said he wants to focus on a variety of strategies, including providing alternatives to youths such as after-school programs and better career education. “What we want to do is really declare war on gang violence and on gangs all over the state of California,” Schwarzenegger said. And he told the mayors: “You can count on the state. We’re going to work with you. You’re not out there by yourself.” In the 1990s, Bratton said, cities were successful in reducing gang violence thanks to strong partnerships with state and local governments, but some of that cooperation has faded. “(In the 1990s) we got it right,” said Bratton, the former New York City police chief who is credited with a major crime reduction there. “Then after 9-11, the federal government dropped off the Earth – and basically went to war across the ocean, and forgot about the wars we’re fighting at home.” Villaraigosa in the past has pressed the governor to create a new statewide anti-gang program that would provide at least $30 million to Los Angeles over three years to create 10 gang-reduction zones, with additional law enforcement resources as well as youth programs. He said that request did not come up in Thursday’s meeting. Villaraigosa added that one consensus among the mayors and other officials was that additional law enforcement alone is not enough. “We’ve got to deal with the root causes of crime,” Villaraigosa said. “You’ve got to have prevention, intervention. That means after-school programs, apprenticeship programs. That means summer youth jobs, training programs for youth.” Back in the San Fernando Valley, residents blamed crime on illegal immigrants and called for tougher policing and swifter deportation procedures. “It seems like every time there is a crime, it’s an illegal alien,” said an unidentified woman who attended a Los Angeles Police Commission meeting in Sun Valley. “It’s important that we … (show) respect to various … communities of the city … and respect one another,” said John W. Mack, president of the Police Commission. firstname.lastname@example.org (818) 713-3329160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! City officials traveled near and far Thursday to battle street crime, vowing to clean up a San Fernando Valley house being used as a “supermarket” for drugs and meeting in Sacramento to strategize with state officials. At the LAPD’s Foothill Division in Pacoima, Los Angeles City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo announced that his office would seek court orders against two gang members and the owners of two adjacent single-family homes in the 13200 block of Filmore Street. “Right in the middle of an otherwise quiet and decent neighborhood, members of the Front Street Crips, a criminal street gang, have used this property as a supermarket for narcotic sales,” Delgadillo said. Delgadillo said he would seek court orders to prevent Larry Atkins and Charles Nero, gang members suspected of selling drugs from the homes, from coming within 500 feet of the properties.
4 September 2002After more than a week of tough behind-the-scenes bargaining, over 100 heads of state and government at the World Summit on Sustainable Development have agreed on a plan of action to eradicate poverty and protect the environment, finally concluding negotiations that have taken place over nine months and on three continents.Negotiators at the Summit in Johannesburg finally reached on renewable energy sources, the last major stumbling block in the action plan. The agreed text calls on all countries to: “With a sense of urgency, substantially increase the global share of renewable energy sources, with the objective of increasing its contribution to total energy supply” – but without setting any percentage target or target date.The European Union had been pushing for a target of making 15% of energy come from “renewable energy” sources such as windmills, solar panels and waves by 2015. The US and Opec oil-exporting countries, however, were opposed to such targets.Children of the world present a message to the Summit (from left to right): Analiz Vergara (Ecuador), Liao Mingyu (China), Justin Friesen, (Canada), Julius Ndlovena and Tiyiselani Manganyi (South Africa). (Photo: UN Johannesburg Summit)The plan of action, together with a political declaration, was formally adopted at the close of the Summit.Among the provisions agreed on are commitments to increase access to clean water, proper sanitation and energy services, to improve health conditions and agriculture, particularly in drylands, and to protect the world’s biodiversity and ecosystems.Environmentalists scathing, politicians upbeatEnvironmentalists have slammed the plan as toothless, criticising it for, among other things, failing to set targets for the use of renewable energy sources, failing to ensure accountability of multinational corporations, and making no mention of the “ecological debt” that resource-greedy richer nations owe less developed nations.Ministers, however, have praised the plan, describing the environmentalists’ expectations as unrealistic.South Africa’s Trade and Industry Minister Alec Erwin told the Star newspaper that issues such as getting the United States and Japan to agree on specific renewable energy targets had been politically impossible to resolve, adding: “But we brokered a deal. There are no targets, but there’s no question about it – renewable energy is now a new issue on the sustainable development agenda.”Erwin said that South Africa’s technical and brokering skills in chairing the “Johannesburg Process” that led to final consensus had been appreciated by the world’s trade and environment ministers, adding that the plan contained “about 41 substantial agreements relating to the environment in one way or another”.Johannesburg Summit Secretary-General Nitin Desai said that renewable energy targets had been a worthwhile goal, “but the reality is that, with sustained action, we can build up the renewable energy industries to the point where they have the critical mass to compete with fossil fuel-generated energy. We have a commitment to make it happen, and now we need the follow-through.”South African Environmental Affairs and Tourism Minister Mohamed Valli Moosa said the Summit had made some very significant advances. “In some areas, it has made seminal advances.”Valli Moosa said the breakthroughs came during three days of round-the-clock ministerial negotiations. The idea of ministers sitting for days dealing with the “nitty-gritty” of the issues involved was a surprise, he said. “It represents the seriousness with which the [Summit] is taken by developing and developed countries.”The high-level negotiations were necessary, he said, because the remaining issues needed to be resolved at the political, not technical levels.Sustainable production and consumptionCountries have agreed to establish a voluntary world solidarity fund to eradicate poverty and promote social and human development that, without duplicating existing UN funds, will encourage the role of the private sector and individual citizens.Also agreed on was a provision that encourages countries to develop a 10-year framework of programmes to shift towards sustainable consumption and production – that asks countries, in other words, to live within the means of their supporting ecosystems.Desai, detailing some of the commitments, said that country agreements on water and sanitation were backed up by a United States announcement of an investment of $970-million in water projects over the next three years, and a European Union announcement to engage in partnerships to meet the new goals, primarily in Africa and Central Asia.The UN had received 21 other partnership initiatives in this area, with at least $20-million in extra resources.In energy, Desai said countries had committed themselves to expanding access to the two billion people that do not have access to modern energy services. He added that while countries had not agreed on a target for phasing in renewable energy, they had commited to green energy and the phasing out of subsidies for types of energy that are not consistent with sustainable development.Bolstering these commitments, Desai said, a group of nine major electric companies had signed agreements to undertake sustainable energy projects in developing countries, while the EU had announced a $700-million partnership initiative on energy, and the US had announced investments of up to $43-million for energy in 2003.On health issues, in addition to actions to fight HIV-Aids and reduce waterborne diseases and the health risks due to pollution, countries had agreed to phase out, by 2020, the use and production of chemicals that harm human health and the environment.Proposals for the Global Environment Facility to fund implementation of the Convention to Combat Desertification have already been adopted, and will have a major impact on improving agricultural practices in drylands. The United States had said it would invest $90-million in 2003 for sustainable agriculture, Desai said, and 17 partnership submissions to the UN contained at least $2-million in additional resources.There were many commitments made to protect biodiversity and improve ecosystem management, Desai said. These include commitments to reduce biodiversity loss by 2010; to restore fisheries to their maximum sustainable yields by 2015; to establish a representative network of marine protected areas by 2012; and to improve developing countries’ access to environmentally sound alternatives to ozone-depleting chemicals by 2010.These commitments were supported by 32 partnership initiatives submitted to the UN, with $100-million in additional resources, and a US announcement of $53-million for forest management in 2002-2005.“It’s impossible to know just how many resources the Summit has mobilised”, Desai said, “but we know they are substantial. Furthermore, many of the new resources will attract additional resources that will greatly enhance our efforts to take sustainable development to the next level, where it will benefit more people and protect more of our environment.”Boost for Kyoto ProtocolOn Kyoto, countries agreed in the Summit plan that states that have ratified the Kyoto treaty on global warming “strongly urge states that have not already done so to ratify the Kyoto Protocol in a timely manner”.The Protocol received a huge boost at the Summit, with Russia, China, Canada and Japan announcing their intentions to ratify the treaty, leaving the US and Australia as the only major powers holding out.Minister Valli Moosa told the Star that Russia’s surprise decision meant that the anti-global warming pact could now come into force, as it would bring a “big chunk” of carbon dioxide emissions into the equation.‘There is still the other half’The commitment to a target of 2015 for reducing the numbers of people who lack access to proper sanitation followed the already agreed upon goal of halving the proportion of people who lack access to clean water, one of the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals.“It is hard to imagine how we can implement sustainable development when two billion people lack proper sanitation facilities”, said Desai. “This is an historic commitment, because for the first time the world has made the issues of water and sanitation a high-level political priority. We need this political commitment, and now we need the practical measures and partnerships to ensure that the new goals are met.”Desai cautioned, however, that the new targets, if met, would only bring clean water and proper sanitation to half of the people who lack these necessities. “There is still the other half, and we cannot stop until everyone benefits.”SouthAfrica.info reporter. Sources: Johannesburg World Summit 2002, United Nations: Johannesburg Summit 2002
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Because of a perfect storm of vitamin production problems, supplemental vitamins A and E are becoming scarce and prices are skyrocketing. Supplies probably will remain very tight well into summer of 2018. In this time of high vitamin prices and limited supply, vitamin supplementation strategies should be evaluated. The most recent dairy NRC (2001) has a vitamin A requirement of 50 IU of supplemental vitamin A/lb of body weight. For an average Jersey and Holstein cow, that translates to about 50,000 and 70,000 IU/day, respectively. That requirement is also for dry cows and growing heifers. For supplemental vitamin E, NRC recommendations are 0.35 IU/lb of body weight for lactating cows and 0.7 IU/lb of body weight for dry cows. This is approximately equal to 500 and 1000 IU/day of supplemental vitamin for lactating and dry Holstein cows and 350 and 700 IU/day for lactating and dry Jersey cows, respectively. Surveys have indicated that supplementation rates are commonly at least twice NRC recommendations.Several controlled studies have shown that feeding vitamins A and E at NRC recommendations reduce mastitis, abortions, retained placenta, and metritis compared to feeding diets with no supplemental vitamin A or E. However, essentially no data are available showing that feeding more vitamins A and E than recommended has any additional positive effects. An exception is prefresh cows because for vitamins A and E, parturition is a critical time. Substantial amounts of those vitamins are put into colostrum and substantial amounts of those vitamins are metabolized during the process of parturition. Several studies have shown that increased supplementation of vitamin E during the last two or three weeks prepartum reduces mastitis. Supplementation rates ranged from 2000 to 4000 IU/day during the prefresh period. Similar data for vitamin A are not available.Recommended vitamin supplementation strategies:1. Feed vitamins A and E at NRC levels. In many situations, this will reduce vitamin supplementation by about 50%.2. If prices continue to climb and vitamins become scarce, then:Prefresh cows should be the highest priority and be maintained at NRC levels for vitamin A and probably 2000 IU/day for vitamin E. A prefresh period of 2 or 3 weeks is adequate with respect to these vitamin recommendations.If you do not have a separate prefresh group from the far-off dry cows, the next priority would be to meet NRC requirements for vitamins A and E for all dry cows.I would try to provide some supplemental vitamins A and E to all cows, but lactating cows would be the lowest priority. These cows consume a lot of feed and the feed is usually better quality than that fed to dry cows. Lactation diets can contain substantial basal vitamin E and B-carotene (precursor to vitamin A); therefore, they will be consuming more vitamins than dry cows. If vitamin A becomes very scarce, I think you can reduce vitamin A supplementation to about 50% of NRC for several months (all the past overfeeding of vitamin A has likely increased liver stores of retinol, which can be used to meet the vitamin A needs for an extended period of time). Likewise, vitamin E supplementation to lactating cows could probably be cut to 50% of NRC in the short term (a few months).Vitamin E supplementation of bred heifers can likely be reduced to well below NRC until about 60 days prepartum. Also, some vitamin A supplementation should be provided to these animals (perhaps 50% of NRC).
Related Posts According to a recent survey of around 3,000 kids, those who text, blog and use social sites such as Facebook have better writing skills than their less technologically inclined counterparts.This hardly comes as a surprise to us tech geeks who spent our younger days alternating between writing critical theses on esoteric forums and getting assaulted by grammar Nazis on said forums. Although we may take it for granted that voluminous written communication online builds writing skills, others decry the lack of formality in most tween and teen lexicons. Is “text speak” as much a concern as enhanced writing skills are a benefit?Of the children surveyed – a group of 3,001 young people between the ages of 9 and 16 – 24 percent maintained a personal blog and 82 percent regularly sent text messages. Seventy-three percent used IM clients to chat online.When researchers asked the children to rate their writing skills, 47 percent of those who were non-bloggers and didn’t use social networking sites said that their writing skills were good. The online set projected higher levels of confidence; of those who maintained blogs, 61 percent said their writing was good or very good.Jonathan Douglas, director of the National Literacy Trust, told BBC News, “Our research suggests a strong correlation between kids using technology and wider patterns of reading and writing.”He continued to say that online engagement can lead to offline creativity, such as story writing and song composition.And what about the “LOL OMG c u l8r” informality of text and chat communiqués?“Our research results are conclusive,” said Douglas. “The more forms of communications children use the stronger their core literary skills.” Or at least, the more children are accustomed to using the written word, the more confident and comfortable they will be with written communication in general. A Comprehensive Guide to a Content Audit Facebook is Becoming Less Personal and More Pro… jolie odell Guide to Performing Bulk Email Verification The Dos and Don’ts of Brand Awareness Videos Tags:#Social Web#web
Energy consumption is much lower than it used to beCalifornia was the first to adopt energy standards for refrigerators in 1978 in the wake of the OPEC oil embargo of 1973, and as other concerns about petroleum supplies began to surface. Manufacturers have been required to meet Department of Energy standards since 1990.California’s move helped put the brakes on a long-standing upward trend in energy use: Between 1947 and 1974, power consumption had climbed from an average of less than 400 kilowatt hours (kWh) of electricity to more than 1,800 kWh per year.Since then, average power consumption has steadily declined, ACEEE said, dropping below 1,000 kWh for the first time by the early 1980s and, with the adoption of the most recent standards, should decline to less than 500 kWh a year.A refrigerator that just meets the new energy requirements will use between $215 and $270 less in electricity per year than a model that just met the California standards in 1978. (Keep in mind the government sets different efficiency standards for different models; in all, there are 18 categories of refrigerators and freezers covered by federal rules.) Boxes are bigger, but they cost lessThere’s a good argument to be made that American families could easily make do with much smaller refrigerators. The ACEEE finds that the average size is now more than 20 cubic feet, and has been for most of the last 40 years.Even so, prices are coming down. In 2010 dollars, the average cost has fallen from a high of $1,566 in the mid-1970s to about $550 in 2010. Of course it is possible to spend a lot more than that, but average prices have fallen even as manufacturers add features such as ice-makers and beverage dispensers.ACEEE said that as more consumers replace old refrigerators with new ones, energy use will continue falling. The new standards should save enough energy in the next 30 years to meet the total energy needs of one-fourth of all the homes in the U.S. for one year, ACEEE said. Consumers will save as much as $36 billion over the same period. As the modern refrigerator marks its 100th anniversary this year, new federal efficiency standards take effect on September 15 that will cut energy consumption on most models by between 20% and 25%, according to the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE).The drop in power consumption continues a trend that started nearly 40 years ago with efficiency standards approved by the then fledgling California Energy Commission.Before the advent of electrically powered refrigerators, people kept perishable foods in cabinets cooled by blocks of ice, and since the first models were introduced the refrigerator has undergone a remarkable transition (for a history of the classic GE Monitor-Top model first manufactured in the 1920s, see Martin Holladay’s blog from May 2012.)Three things have happened to refrigerators since the 1970s, when the first efficiency standards went into effect, the ACEEE said in a report about the evolution of this appliance: energy consumption has dropped significantly, prices are lower, and refrigerators are bigger.
LATEST STORIES Josh Jackson of the Phoenix Suns drives the ball against Lonzo Ball of the Los Angeles Lakers during the NBA game at Talking Stick Resort Arena on October 20, 2017 in Phoenix, Arizona. The Lakers defeated the Suns 132-130. Christian Petersen/Getty Images/AFPPHOENIX, Arizona — The NBA has fined Phoenix Suns rookie Josh Jackson $35,000 for “making a menacing gesture” on the playing court and “directing inappropriate language at a fan.”The incident occurred in the Suns’ 130-88 loss to the Clippers in Los Angeles last Saturday night.ADVERTISEMENT Read Next QC cops nab robbery gang leader, cohort Japan ex-PM Nakasone who boosted ties with US dies at 101 View comments Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf PLAY LIST 01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games Stronger peso trims PH debt value to P7.9 trillion Brgy. Ginebra shoots for crown Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa Kin of Misamis Oriental hero cop to get death benefits, award — PNP Video appeared to show Jackson forming his fingers as a pretend gun and pointing it at the fan, but Jackson disputed that characterization.Jackson said the fan had been heckling him loudly and aggressively throughout the game and that he wrongly decided to respond.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutJackson said at first he intended to flip his middle finger at the heckler but decided against it and that indecision led to his hand appearing to be a pretend gun. CPP denies ‘Ka Diego’ arrest caused ‘mass panic’ among S. Tagalog NPA MOST READ
Twitter/@NickJuskewycz There were plenty of interesting possible upsets on the college football slate today, but we didn’t tab Jacksonville State over Auburn as one of them. However, the Gamecocks, who went 10-2 in FCS play last year, are half way to a stunning win at Jordan-Hare Stadium. They lead the Tigers 10-6 at halftime.Auburn and Jacksonville State traded field goals early on, but the Gamecocks’ quarterback Eli Jenkins threw an impressive touchdown pass to Josh Barge to take the lead in the second quarter.Jacksonville State currently leads 6th ranked #Auburn 10-6, late in the second quarter. #JSUvsAUB pic.twitter.com/B50kBpQDXD— CFB Nation (@UofCFB) September 12, 2015There is plenty of time life, but Auburn fans have to be concerned with how the team has come out against what should be an overmatched opponent.
Ontario has put a large swath of homes on evacuation notice, emptied two provincial parks and called for help from other provinces as forest fires rage near the Quebec border.The Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry placed residents near Temagami, Ont., on notice Monday morning after 20 homes were evacuated Sunday as a fire approached the town along with other fires that have begun in the area.“Fire North Bay 69,” as it’s known, is just kilometres from the town, said ministry spokeswoman Jolanta Kowalski. Ontario Provincial Police said the blaze was “dangerously close” to the evacuated homes.As of Monday morning, there are 70 forest fires in the province’s northeast region with 33 of them not yet under control, Kowalski said.“There’s high temperatures, dry conditions and a lot of thunderstorms,” she said, making ideal conditions for the start and spread of fires.“The risk of wildland fires across most of northern Ontario is high and it’s especially challenging in the northeast right now because there are so many fires.”Ontario Parks also evacuated two provincial parks, Finlayson Point and Marten River, “due to the significant risk from nearby forest fire activity.”Neary 450 campers have gotten out safely, an Ontario Parks spokeswoman said. The parks will remain closed for the time being.Jolanta said the ministry will be getting reinforcements from other provinces to join the 400 firefighters currently working the northeast quadrant of the province.Numerous water bombers are operating during daylight hours in an effort to stop or control the spread of the fires, she said.It has been a bad year for forest fires in Ontario with 504 recorded to date compared to 143 this time last year, according to the ministry’s data.The area burned is up significantly as well, with 61,000 hectares damaged due to fire compared to 42,000 hectares last year, Kowalski said.In Temagami, tensions are high, said Brian Koski, a local councillor and the head of the municipality’s emergency management committee.“It’s very close to the town,” Koski said.Smoke blanketed the area on Sunday, which led to one resident suffering an asthma attack, Koski said, but no one else has been injured.There are several larger fires to the south of the town, he said. And small blazes are popping up and spreading quickly.Koski spent part of Sunday driving around and helping residents clear out when he stopped by Karol Lake.“There was not even a puff of smoke,” he said. “By 2 p.m. there was a puff of smoke. And by 4 p.m. it was a raging fire.”
Joyce and Morgan Saufkie from the village of Shungopovie on the Hopi Reservation on Second Mesa have been part of our extended family for many years. Joyce is an elder of the Basket Weaving Clan and has taught many basket weaving workshops at Arcosanti. Here Morgan demonstrates the corn planting procedure. [Photo: Yuki Yanagimoto & Text: sa] Joyce looks on as agriculture manager Brad Crutchfield prepares holes to nestle the precious Hopi Blue Corn into. [Photo: Yuki Yanagimoto & Text: sa] May 26, 2004Part of the first field behind camp has been prepared for corn planting. [Photo: Yuki Yanagimoto & Text: sa]Part of the first field behind camp has been prepared for corn planting. [Photo: Yuki Yanagimoto & Text: sa]
Source:University Health Network These are women in their prime who are working, caring for children, and contributing to their communities. We have made huge progress in tackling other infectious disease and in reducing maternal mortality, so that women are now living long enough to develop diseases such as cancer and heart disease.Vaccination is hugely important, but we can’t neglect the millions of women who are contracting cervical cancer and dying in pain without access to treatment. These are women who have curable cancers – even advanced cervical cancer can be cured with radiotherapy. The possibility exists to make this treatment universally available.”Dr. Danielle Rodin, Clinician-Investigator and Radiation Oncologist, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre Reviewed by Alina Shrourou, B.Sc. (Editor)May 29 2019A first of its kind study is reporting that millions of women in low- and middle-income countries will need life-saving radiotherapy to treat their cervical cancer, despite the growth of essential human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination prevention programs.The availability of radiotherapy in these regions would generate millions of productive life years and billions of dollars in economic benefits for their families and communities.The study modeled the long-term demand, benefit and cost of implementing a 20-year strategy for radiotherapy to treat cervical cancer in low- and middle-income countries between 2015 and 2035, alongside a simultaneous vaccination program.Low-income and middle-income countries include those with a gross national income of less than $12,000 USD a year.Related StoriesStudy reveals link between inflammatory diet and colorectal cancer riskTrends in colonoscopy rates not aligned with increase in early onset colorectal cancerUsing machine learning algorithm to accurately diagnose breast cancerThe research entitled “Scale-up of radiotherapy for cervical cancer in the era of human papillomavirus vaccination in low-income and middle-income countries: A model-based analysis of need and economic impact,” by lead author Dr. Danielle Rodin and senior author Dr. Michael Milosevic, in the Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre is published in the May 24, 2019 online edition of The Lancet Oncology.In the designated 20-year-time span, the study estimated that 9.4 million women in these countries will require radiotherapy – the gold standard for curing women with more advanced cervical cancer. This would result in a net benefit to the economies of these countries of $151.5 billion over the same time period as a direct result of women living longer, more productive lives.HPV vaccination would result in a 3.9% reduction in cervical cancer incidence over the study period – assuming a best case scenario of vaccinating every 12-year-old girl in the world starting in 2014. By 2072, when the first vaccinated cohort reaches 70 years of age, there would be a 22.9% reduction in incidence, still leaving 41.6 million in need for radiotherapy over that time period.Almost all cervical cancers are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection. There are more than 100 types of HPV, of which more than 40 can cause cervical cancer. Persistent HPV infections can sometimes develop into cervical cancer if not treated.