Everton chief Moshiri adamant new stadium will be builtby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveEverton chief Farhad Moshiri is determined for their new stadium to be built.Planning permission is set to be submitted in the second half of this year, with the first ‘spade in the ground’ anticipated in early 2020.After a number of false dawns over previous projects Moshiri is adamant the stadium will be built.”It has nothing to do with my vision, it is a necessity. That must be understood – we don’t have a choice, we don’t have a Plan B or a Plan C,” he said at their AGM.”Very much like Arsenal and Tottenham that had to build a stadium – they were not given stadiums like West Ham or Manchester City.”We have a lot of experience so I think we will complete this stadium, be sure that will happen. And I will throw as much money as needed.”Private markets will provide £350m, naming rights will give us some more and we maybe have an equity gap of £100m.”I think this club, under the management of Marcel and leadership of Denise (Barrett-Baxendale, the club’s chief executive) is sufficiently robust to see the project through. It is no luxury, we have to get it done.”If we want to have a big club we need a modern stadium and we will get it.” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
We’ve reached the Elite Eight of our ’64 Most Annoying Fan Bases In College Sports’ bracket, and the first 1-seed has gone down. Duke basketball fans, it turns out, aren’t quite as annoying as some of the other groups on our list. The other 1-seeds – Kentucky Basketball Fans, Notre Dame Football Fans and Alabama Football Fans – are holding strong, however.You can see the opening round matchups here, the ‘Round of 32’ matchups here, and the Sweet 16 matchups here. Here’s the updated bracket – you can vote on this week’s four matchups below.The 64 Most Annoying Fan Bases Bracket Vote On The #BBN Region Below1. Kentucky Basketball Fans vs. 3. S-E-C ChantersAuburn Football fans were no match for #BBN, as Kentucky Basketball Fans held serve to move onto the Elite Eight, 72%-28%. There, they meet up with S-E-C Chanters, who took down People Who Talk About Their NCAA Bracket Picks, 65%-35%. Will UK supporters join their basketball team in the Final Four? More Annoying: Kentucky Basketball Fans or S-E-C Chanters?Vote On The #FSUTwitter Region Below2. Florida State Football Fans vs. 4. Fans Who Tweet At RecruitsIt’s a matchup between #FSUTwitter and, well, another group of annoying tweeters. Seminoles fans were voted more annoying than USC supporters, 63%-37%. Meanwhile, Duke Basketball fans became the first 1-seed to fall. Fans Who Tweet At Recruits scored the upset, 55%-45%. We’ll be shocked if they advance again, though. More Annoying: Florida State Football Fans or Fans Who Tweet At Recruits?Vote On The #WeAre Region Below1. Notre Dame Football Fans vs. 5. Texas A&M Football FansNotre Dame Football Fans took down Michigan Football Fans, 58%-42%, in a matchup that perhaps should have been slotted for later in the tournament. Meanwhile, Texas A&M Football Fans were voted slightly more annoying than Texas Football Fans, 52%-48%. Perhaps it’s because they’re in the SEC now? Which group will move onto the Final Four? More Annoying: Notre Dame Football Fans or Texas A&M Football Fans?Vote On The #PAWWWL Region Below1. Alabama Football Fans vs. 3. Paul Finebaum CallersIt’s beginning to look like Alabama Football Fans may be the most formidable force left in the bracket. Tide supporters took down Georgia Football Fans, 84%-16%, to set up a fitting all-SEC final in the #PAWWWL region. Paul Finebaum Callers, the 3-seed in the region, beat out Big East Nostalgists handily, 64%-36%. Good luck determining this one. More Annoying: Alabama Football Fans or Paul Finebaum Callers?Check Out The Sweet 16 Voting Here >>>
After struggling through a portion of its Big Ten schedule, the Ohio State women’s basketball team is starting to turn it around. With an 89-67 win over No. 23 Penn State Thursday, the Buckeyes (16-9, 7-6 Big Ten), have won three straight games and continue to climb the muddled conference standings. OSU coach Jim Foster said, in a postgame press conference, that his team has picked up its defensive intensity over the last three games. “At no point in time was I in doubt that we would finish the season strongly,” he said. “Most people come and they see a two-hour blip. We see a lot of stuff going on behind the scenes that we like.” The game was tied 6-6 with 14:53 left in the first half. After a layup by senior center Jantel Lavender, the Buckeyes took the lead and never relinquished it. The Lady Lions (21-7, 10-4 Big Ten), struggled with turnovers, committing 27. They came into the game averaging 17.3 turnovers per contest. Penn State coach Coquese Washington said the turnovers were “the difference in the game.” “We turned the ball over and they’re able to go down and score in transition,” she said. “Ohio State is just a dangerous team in transition.” The Buckeyes turned the Lady Lions’ turnovers into 30 points on offense and had 10 fast break points. Lavender, who was honored before the game for breaking OSU’s career scoring record Sunday, finished with 23 points and 11 rebounds. Former Buckeye guard Katie Smith (1992-96), who held the all-time scoring mark before Lavender, recorded a video message for Lavender. The video played at Value City Arena before the game. “It was really nice that she took time out to congratulate me,” Lavender said. “She held that record for so long so she’s probably like ‘Oh, that’s awesome.’” Lavender helped a fellow Buckeye break a record of her own. Junior Samantha Prahalis set the OSU career assist record after Lavender converted the guard’s signature behind-the-back pass into a turn-around jumper. Prahalis finished the game with 11 assists. With both the scoring and assist records falling in the same week, Foster said he went “out of character” and reflected on what the records meant to him. “It’s going to be very difficult to recruit someone who can break them,” he said. “But, we’ll try.” With 14:40 remaining in the second half, OSU led by 23 after sophomore guard Tayler Hill hit two consecutive free throws. Lavender said Hill’s defense was key for the team. “Our flow started because of our defensive intensity,” she said. “Tayler really set the tone for us on defense and we all fell into place with that.” The Lady Lions cut the OSU lead to 10 three different times in the second half, but couldn’t get the deficit under double digits. “Coach called a 30-second timeout and just said we had to get stops,” Lavender said. “We just started to calm down on defense.” Ohio State’s next game is Sunday at Purdue (17-9, 7-6 Big Ten). The Buckeyes won their previous meeting, 90-67.
Colin and Wyatt discuss Ohio State’s 26-6 win against Michigan State, its lack of movement in the playoff for the third straight week, the Brett McMurphy article on Trevon Grimes and men’s basketball’s hot start. Also, we talk Shrek quotes, so buckle up.
Arsenal manager Unai Emery has urged Aaron Ramsey to focus on his football rather than his prolonged contract drama at the clubThe Wales international has spent over a decade at the Emirates but only has under 12 months left on his current contract.Ramsey was left surprised to be left out of Emery’s starting lineup in last weekend’s defeat to Chelsea.And it is uncertain whether he will start in today’s home game against West Ham United.“I spoke with him last week,” said Emery, according to The Guardian.“I said: ‘I want you focused only on training and only on the match, you show us the capacity to help the team.’“The contract is another thing for his agent and the club but we want and I need his focus only on training, only on the match and on his performance each day.”The Spaniard suggested that Ramsey’s omission against Chelsea was only for tactical reasons.Merson believes Arsenal should sign Sancho Manuel R. Medina – September 14, 2019 Borussia Dortmund winger Jadon Sancho might be the perfect player to play for the Gunners, according to former England international Paul Merson.“Chelsea are different to other teams,” he said.“We have to work very specifically to prepare for them.“Saturday is also a difficult match but we are thinking more we can control the match with our personality.“Against Chelsea and Manchester City we wanted to but there were more times in the 90 minutes that the opposition didn’t let us.”Arsenal are currently suffering their worst start to a league season in 26 years after losing their first two games to Manchester City and Chelsea.“We need to win this match against West Ham. I think it’s very important to show [the supporters] a better performance than in the two first matches,” said Emery.“We are preparing well. I am feeling well when I look at the players in training.”
Katie Koester, Homer High School Class of 1998, is currently the City Manager for the City of Homer: “I celebrate the people of Homer–the families who have made it here for generations along with the new families who come to the end of the road, fall in love with this place, and figure out how to make it in this town. This community’s underlying determination to live and persist in Homer means people here are interesting, creative, and diverse. I celebrate the people of Homer because they are problem solvers, because they make Homer the place for their life’s work.” Facebook0TwitterEmailPrintFriendly分享The Kenai Peninsula Borough School District is celebrating three graduates who now manage three of the largest cities in the Borough spanning 25,600 square miles. Paul Ostrander, Soldotna High School Class of 1986, is currently the City Manager for the City of Kenai: “Kenai has a diverse history and residents are ardent in their support of their hometown. When people talk about living in Kenai, whether talking about fishing the river or family time on the beach, you can sense the pride they have in our natural resources and community. The statement that, it’s the best place to live in the world, is heard often, and meant wholeheartedly.” Stephanie Queen, Kenai Central High School Class of 2000, is currently the City Manager for the City of Soldotna: “One of the things I really appreciate about Soldotna is how engaged our residents are. We’ve figured out how to work together across public, private, and non-profit lines, to move big projects forward. This has allowed us to accomplish several of the community’s long-standing goals; something we would not have been able to do without strong partnerships.” KPBSD has created individual profiles for each of these City Managers and will follow-up with a four-part series highlighting KPBSD graduates.
Vibe will cut its guaranteed rate base 25 percent in July to 600,000 copies (down from 800,000). The monthly magazine is also trimming its frequency to 10 times per year.“We have to run our business, including circulation, more profitably and we have to be smart about it,” CEO Steve Aaron said in a statement. “Part of that is eliminating less profitable subscriptions while maintaining our significant circulation leadership in the urban lifestyle space. This will help us achieve our goal of providing an even better brand to our audience and advertising partners.” The changes, Aaron said, will “sharpen Vibe’s business model for tomorrow’s media.” According to the Audit Bureau of Circulations, Vibe’s paid and verified circulation slid 8.6 percent during the second half of 2008. Ad pages fell 17.7 percent for the year, according to Publishers Information Bureau figures.Danyel Smith, Vibe’s vice president, editorial director and editor-in-chief, will oversee an editorial department that is shifting its focus to a broader, multiplatform content approach.The company also plans to launch a-yet-to-be-named “urban celebrity” tabloid in December. That magazine will be published twice-yearly. Vibe Media Group today announced a sweeping series of changes it says will position the company for survival and, more importantly, allow the brand to salvage its print magazine without layoffs.Among the changes: Beginning March 1, staffers will be asked to work four days per week, and have their salaries slashed 10 to 15 percent, according to a Vibe spokesperson.“While numerous other media companies (Time Inc, Condé Nast, Meredith and Hearst) have closed titles completely and laid off staff to cut costs,” the company said. “VMG has taken a smarter and more thoughtful approach to workforce adjustments.”
Protesters are placed into a van by police early Thursday, Oct. 15, 2015, in Baltimore. Police officers have converged on Baltimore’s City Hall where protesters could be seen being led away to vans and vehicles after an hourslong occupation of the building to protest moves to make permanent the appointment of the city’s interim police commissioner. (AP Photo/Juliet Linderman)(Updated 10/15/2015) BALTIMORE (AP) — Young, Black residents of Baltimore hoped a public act of civil disobedience in the heart of local government would force their troubled city to deal with the decades-old problems of police misconduct, housing inequality and systemic disenfranchisement.All they got from their overnight sit-in at City Hall were arrests and trespassing charges.Many on Thursday said they were frustrated and felt increasingly marginalized and under siege.“The politicians, they failed us today,” said Kwame Rose, a 21-year-old activist who was one of the protest’s organizers.More than 30 activists disrupted a meeting Wednesday night where city officials were recommending the permanent hiring of interim Police Commissioner Kevin Davis. They demanded a voice in the process. Since the death of Freddie Gray, a 25-year-old Black man who suffered a critical spinal injury in police custody, the police department and its leaders have taken the brunt of criticism for decades of government failures to address the city’s woes.Davis was appointed interim chief when his predecessor, Anthony Batts, was fired in the wake of violence after Gray’s death and a sharp spike in homicides.Baltimore is a city with roughly 17,000 vacant homes concentrated in its poorest neighborhoods. Its public schools are underfunded and underperforming, and its unemployment rate is far above the national average. Over the years, recreation centers for young people have shuttered and job opportunities for those living in de facto segregated communities have remained scarce.Police stand near vans holding protesters early Thursday, Oct. 15, 2015, in Baltimore. The Baltimore Uprising coalition had occupied City Council chambers at city hall to pretest a council subcommittee’s vote in favor of making the interim police commissioner permanent. Police led protesters to vans and other vehicles. (AP Photo/Juliet Linderman)The protesters gathered in the balcony of the council chambers chanted, “All night, all day, we will fight for Freddie Gray!” They refused to leave, insisting Davis meet with them and consent to a list of demands that included reducing the use of armored vehicles and riot gear during protests. They also called on Democratic Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake to fire the housing commissioner, whose department was recently sued over allegations maintenance workers routinely sexually abuse women residents of a public housing complex.But their main concern was their lack of input in the police chief decision as the department faces a federal probe into allegations of excessive force, and remains at the center of the debate over how poor, Black men are treated by the officers and public officials tasked with protecting them.Davis tried to defuse the situation.“I’d like to propose this to you, because we can accomplish a lot more at a table where we can all fit,” he said.“You have our demands, you let all your supporters speak,” someone in the balcony yelled back.“I will be more than happy to meet with your entire group,” Davis said.“Now! This is the space where we can talk,” someone yelled back.Davis eventually left.Yet even with the protest ongoing, he continued to strike a conciliatory tone, telling The Associated Press that civil disobedience was “part of the healing process.”“It’s just part of where the city is right now,” he said, as chants of “No justice, no peace,” echoed through the chambers. “I understand where they are, I understand their frustration. But civil disobedience occurs at critical times, and the city’s in a critical time right now.”Police kept the demonstrators sequestered in the balcony, and the protest dragged on for eight hours into Thursday morning, when some activists left after being threatened with arrest and the last 16 were escorted out in plastic handcuffs about 4 a.m. Police said those arrested ranged in age from 16 to 38, and included three juveniles.“All we are doing is peacefully demonstrating. We were disrespected by Kevin Davis. He didn’t take us seriously,” said Kevin Wellons, 19, who left the sit-in around 3:30 a.m. with several others.Speaking Thursday on “The Norris and Davis Show” on WJZ-FM, Davis said the arrests were “the last thing we wanted to do.” He says that, “in a perfect world, they probably wouldn’t have stayed that long.”Three of the committee’s five members voted Wednesday to recommend Davis for the permanent post. His appointment must still be confirmed by the City Council at a vote scheduled for Monday.Addressing the committee Wednesday, Davis said he remained committed to training officers to actively engage and interact with community members, and he emphasized his commitment to “respect and fight for the right for Americans to assemble and peacefully protest.”Rawlings-Blake, who recently announced she would not seek re-election, did not attend Wednesday’s hearing. She came under fire from both residents and Maryland’s Republican governor, who complained she disappeared from public view for hours during rioting on the day of Gray’s funeral.She said Thursday she was confused about the purpose of the demonstration.“They requested a meeting and the commissioner made it very clear that he would meet with them — so clear that he gave them his cellphone number so they could arrange it. And instead of using that as an opportunity for communication, they tweeted his phone number to the world. So, I’m not clear on their goals,” Rawlings-Blake said.___Associated Press writer David Dishneau contributed to this story.
$7.36M – The Secret Life of Pets 2 $4.2M – Toy Story 4 1 Movie titles with a minimum spend of $100,000 for airings detected between 06/03/2019 and 06/09/2019.* TV Impressions – Total TV ad impressions delivered for the brand or spot.* Attention Score – Measures the propensity of consumers to interrupt an ad play on TV. The higher the score, the more complete views. Actions that interrupt an ad play include changing the channel, pulling up the guide, fast-forwarding or turning off the TV.* Attention Index – Represents the Attention of a specific creative or program placement vs the average. The average is represented by a score of 100, and the total index range is from 0 through 200. For example, an attention index of 125 means that there are 25% fewer interrupted ad plays compared to the average.Variety has partnered with iSpot.tv, the TV ad measurement and attribution company, to bring you this weekly look at what studios are spending to market their movies on TV. Learn more about the iSpot.tv platform and methodology. Disney Already Clashing With 20th Century Fox After Billion-Dollar Deal TV ad placements for Disney Pixar’s “Toy Story 4” (EMV $4.2 million), Universal Pictures’ “Yesterday” ($3.89 million) and Columbia Pictures’ “Men in Black: International” ($3.87 million) round out the chart. Notably, “Men in Black: International” has the best iSpot Attention Index (112) in the ranking, getting 12% fewer interruptions than the average movie ad (interruptions include changing the channel, pulling up the guide, fast-forwarding or turning off the TV). $3.87M – Men in Black: International Related Impressions: 262,745,270Attention Score: 93.04Attention Index: 106National Airings: 629Networks: 35Most Spend On: ABC, NBCCreative Versions: 22Est. Lifetime TV Spend: $14.63MStudio: Disney PixarStarted Airing: 12/16/18 $6.2M – Dark Phoenix Impressions: 542,673,032Attention Score: 91.31Attention Index: 85National Airings: 2,468Networks: 50Most Spend On: ABC, Adult SwimCreative Versions: 38Est. Lifetime TV Spend: $29.97MStudio: Twentieth Century FoxStarted Airing: 04/08/19 Box Office Report Card: Studios Get Their Summer Grades Popular on Variety $3.89M – Yesterday Impressions: 318,667,584Attention Score: 93.48Attention Index: 112National Airings: 1,101Networks: 38Most Spend On: ABC, NickCreative Versions: 21Est. Lifetime TV Spend: $13.87MStudio: Columbia PicturesStarted Airing: 12/20/18 In this week’s edition of the Variety Movie Commercial Tracker, powered by TV ad measurement and attribution company iSpot.tv, Universal Pictures claims the top spot in spending for the fourth week in a row with “The Secret Life of Pets 2.”Ads placed for the animated film had an estimated media value of $7.36 million through Sunday for 1,966 national ad airings on 50 networks. (Spend figures are based on estimates generated from June 3-9. Estimates may be updated after the chart is posted as new information becomes available.) Universal prioritized spend across networks including NBC, ABC and USA Network, and during programming such as the 2019 NBA Finals, the 2019 Stanley Cup Final and “American Ninja Warrior.”Just behind “The Secret Life of Pets 2” in second place: Twentieth Century Fox’s “Dark Phoenix,” which saw 2,468 national ad airings across 50 networks, with an estimated media value of $6.2 million. Impressions: 514,659,508Attention Score: 92.65Attention Index: 100National Airings: 1,966Networks: 50Most Spend On: NBC, ABCCreative Versions: 103Est. Lifetime TV Spend: $44.89MStudio: Universal PicturesStarted Airing: 11/22/18 Top Movie Commercials by Weekly TV SpendData provided by iSpot.tv Impressions: 187,669,078Attention Score: 92.52Attention Index: 98National Airings: 556Networks: 30Most Spend On: NBC, CBSCreative Versions: 7Est. Lifetime TV Spend: $11.85MStudio: Universal PicturesStarted Airing: 03/11/19 ×Actors Reveal Their Favorite Disney PrincessesSeveral actors, like Daisy Ridley, Awkwafina, Jeff Goldblum and Gina Rodriguez, reveal their favorite Disney princesses. Rapunzel, Mulan, Ariel,Tiana, Sleeping Beauty and Jasmine all got some love from the Disney stars.More VideosVolume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9Next UpJennifer Lopez Shares How She Became a Mogul04:350.5x1x1.25×1.5x2xLive00:0002:1502:15
Kolkata: Three persons, including a woman, were arrested by Tala police station on Thursday night, on charges of blackmailing a woman with some of her objectionable pictures. The victim, who was bent upon joining the profession of modelling, was lured by the trio to click such photographs.The three accused are Arunangshu Ghosh alias Saheb, Rituparna Saha and Jayabrata Roy. Police sources informed that Jayabrata owns a dance school at Nilmani Mitra Lane in Tala area. The 16-year-old victim used to attend classes at the school. It was on April 17 when Jayabrata, along with two of his friends, lured her to take some objectionable pictures on the pretext of shooting for an advertisement. They also allegedly touched her private parts while taking the photographs. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThe victim went back home and after some days, she was called again by the trio. When she refused to go, they started blackmailing her and threatened of circulating the photographs on social media.The girl then informed her uncle and then the trio started blackmailing the latter too. The victim lodged a complaint on April 21, following which the three were arrested. They were produced at Sealdah Court on Friday and were remanded to 14 days judicial custody.
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The next great insect repellent might come from a strain of bacteria that lives inside a common parasitic worm. A study published Wednesday in Science Advances has found that a compound derived from these bacteria is three times more potent than DEET in repelling mosquitoes. More research must be done to demonstrate its safety, but this bacterial chemical could play an important role in the fight against mosquito-borne illness.Susan Paskewitz, a professor of entomology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison who oversaw the study, explains that the project started in the lab of her late colleague, Que Lan. She and her student Il-Hwan Kim were studying bacteria called Xenorhabdus budapestensis, which lives inside the tiny roundworms called nematodes. These nematodes parasitize insects in the soil, sneaking into their bodies and releasing hordes of Xenorhabdus, which soon kill the insect. Then, without the insect’s immune system to contend with, the nematodes devour the carcass and multiply.According to Paskewitz, Lan wanted to crack Xenorhabdus’ insecticidal code in hopes that it might lead to a novel mosquito killer. She put the bacteria into the artificial blood supply she feeds to her mosquito colonies, hoping they would ingest the bacteria and she could track whether the mosquitoes were harmed. But her mosquitoes wouldn’t go anywhere near the treated blood, much less ingest it. “The mosquitoes would die from drying out rather than touch the thing,” says Paskewitz. That observation stuck in Paskewitz’s mind, suggesting that something produced by these bacteria make might be useful as an insect repellent.Since the 1940s, the chemical DEET has been our first line of defense against mosquitoes. It’s still the most effective repellent we have. But DEET has its problems. One is stigma. “As a public health entomologist, I believe that DEET is an effective and safe product to use [the EPA agrees], but I do know that some consumers are concerned about synthetic chemicals,” says Paskewitz. “Whether those concerns are founded in evidence may be beside the point. What matters from my perspective is that people don’t have a barrier to using repellents, so that in the event of the next Zika or West Nile virus outbreak, we’re prepared.” DEET also needs to be reapplied often, which can leave people exposed if they forget. And at high concentrations, DEET can melt plastic, making it difficult to imbue DEET into clothing that could be worn for longer-lasting protection.What’s more, DEET’s effectiveness may not be permanent, according to Silvie Huijben, an evolutionary biologist and disease ecologist at Arizona State University. “There is some evidence that resistance to DEET can evolve in mosquito populations, and mosquitoes can also learn to overcome their aversion to DEET,” she says. Because living populations can evolve in response to single interventions, it’s best tackle the problem from many angles. “In that sense, there is a void to be filled,” Huijben says.To see if Xenorhabdus could fill that void, Paskewitz and her collaborator Mayur Kajla first had to isolate the potential repellent from everything else the bacteria produces. To home in on the active compound, Kajla isolated smaller and smaller components of a sort of bacterial soup and tested whether each mixture repelled mosquitoes.Kajla explains that since we don’t yet know whether this substance is toxic, scientists can’t just slather a subject’s arm in Xenorhabdus, stick it into a swarm of mosquitoes and see if they bite. So instead, he put a mixture of mosquito food – basically, fake blood dyed red — inside a skin-like sausage casing membrane. He soaked cheesecloth in the bacterial soup and layered it over this casing. Then, mosquitoes had 30 minutes to feed, after which the researchers counted how many mosquitoes were engorged with red bellies. The better the repellent, the fewer red bellies. Eventually Kajla identified the repellent compound that the bacteria secreted. Chemical analysis revealed it to be part of a class of chemicals known as fabclavines. With the repellent identified, Kajla then used the same setup to see how it fared against existing repellents. “We were surprised at how well the bacterial repellent worked,” says Kajla. You’d need three times as much DEET and eight times as much picaridin, another effective repellent, to repel the same percentage of insects.The researchers varied the concentration of the fabclavine mixture and observed that at lower concentrations, most mosquitoes landed on the feeding apparatus, but only about half fed. This suggests that, at low concentrations of the mixture, mosquitoes are repelled by the taste, but not the smell. By contrast, almost no mosquitoes landed and none fed when there were higher concentrations of the chemical, suggesting the mosquitoes were repelled by the smell alone. Kajla says, “at this point we don’t know how the deterrent is affecting mosquitoes, but it could be both taste and smell.””This is a really exciting result,” says Matthew DeGennaro, a neurogeneticist at Florida International University who studies mosquito genetics and was not involved in the study. “DEET is almost like magic, and we don’t find things that work as well as it does everyday.” DeGennaro also raised the possibility that the mosquitoes’ repulsion might be an innate, adaptive strategy to avoid getting anywhere near the deadly Xenorhabdus that harbor the compound. More work needs to be done before you can douse yourself in this bacterial concoction and head into the woods with abandon. According to Paskewitz, fabclavines may be difficult to chemically synthesize at scale. But “bacterial fermentation, which is used to produce the widely used insecticide Bt could work for fabclavines,” Paskewitz says.According to Huijben, the broader fight against mosquito-borne disease is changing, and repellents may play an increasingly important role. In the case of malaria, which she studies, mosquito populations are adapting around once effective measures. Bed nets proved effective in preventing the transmission of malaria via mosquitoes, which historically happened during evening hours when mosquitoes fed. But Huijben says mosquitoes are evolving to feed outside during the daytime, when their food source isn’t safely snoozing under a net. If fabclavine proves safe, effective and practical for human use, the ancient methods of the roundworm and its bacterial partners in crime could prove to be the latest weapon in the race to ward off mosquitoes.Jonathan Lambert is an intern on NPR’s Science Desk. Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.
Three disabled activists who took the government to court in an unsuccessful bid to stop the closure of the Independent Living Fund (ILF) have called on Labour MPs to halt their attempts to topple their party leader.Anne Pridmore Gabriel Pepper (pictured) and Stuart Bracking have pointed out that Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn had been “unstinting” in his support for ILF-users throughout the campaign to prevent the fund’s closure.The trio were joined by Paul Taylforth, the father of a fourth former ILF-user who was involved in the court cases, in raising concerns about developments within the party.They sent an email outlining their concerns to Corbyn, deputy party leader Tom Watson, the shadow chancellor John McDonnell, the present and previous shadow ministers for disabled people, Debbie Abrahams and Kate Green, and Neil Coyle, a Labour MP and a former director of Disability Rights UK.They pointed out that Corbyn issued a statement on the day ILF closed in June last year pledging to campaign for it to be reinstated.Their court bids to overturn the government’s decision to close the fund were finally defeated in December 2014, prompting Tracey Lazard, chief executive of Inclusion London, to suggest that the move signalled “the end of the right to independent living for disabled people in the UK”.They said in this week’s statement: “The democratic election of Jeremy Corbyn last September instilled hope among many disabled people and their families that the Labour party had turned a corner, and would campaign hard to stop further austerity and cuts to public services and benefits.“A number of judicial reviews brought in recent years reflect the impact public service cuts are having on the lives of disabled people and their families.“While legal challenges are sometimes successful, they cannot achieve the impact and change an effective political campaign can.“Rather than sow further division, we would urge Labour MPs to remember who austerity and public sector cuts are hitting the hardest, and the lives now being destroyed by them.”They said there was a “desperate need for unity” among working-class people and said the Labour party and its MPs needed to “consider their responsibility and duty of care towards those who will continue to face the consequences if we fail to end austerity now”.They said this would only be possible if the party united behind Corbyn’s leadership and worked with trade unions and disability campaigners to “build a political movement to achieve this”.This week, Corbyn lost a vote of confidence among his own MPs by 172 votes to 40, and now faces a leadership challenge from former minister Angela Eagle.Yesterday (Wednesday), the former ILF-users were joined in their call by Disabled People Against Cuts (DPAC), which issued its own appeal to Labour members to back Corbyn.In a statement on its website, it praised the “unstinting support” that Corbyn and shadow chancellor John McDonnell had given to both DPAC and disabled people.It said: “Both have spoken out and voted against every horror the Tories have imposed on disabled people.”McDonnell has sent a message to DPAC, urging all of its members and supporters “to support Jeremy if there is a leadership election”, and calling on non-members to join the party so they can vote for him.Only last month, research by Greater Manchester Coalition of Disabled People suggested that the government’s failure to ring-fence the funding it was handing to local authorities following the ILF closure was leading to a “postcode lottery” of support for former ILF-recipients.ILF was funded by the Department for Work and Pensions, and by last year it was helping nearly 17,000 disabled people with the highest support needs to live independently.But ministers decided it should be scrapped, promising instead that nine months’ worth of non-ring-fenced funding would be transferred to councils in England and to devolved governments in Wales and Scotland, to cover the period from its closure last summer to April 2016.The Scottish government has set up its own ILF for existing recipients in Scotland, while the Welsh government has set up a ring-fenced, local authority-run grant scheme that will run until at least 31 March 2017.The minister for disabled people, Justin Tomlinson, announced in February that the government would provide another four years of transition funding to local authorities in England in 2016-17 (£177 million), 2017-18 (£171 million), 2018-19 (£166 million) and 2019-20 (£161 million), but that the money would again not be ring-fenced.
Q: I hear companies are hacking motion-based gaming technologies for new applications. How do I get in? A: It’s true — gaming consoles have launched an industry that has nothing to do with play. The technologies at the heart of Nintendo’s Wii U, Microsoft’s Kinect for Xbox 360 and Sony’s SOEmote are making motion capture (mocap), gesture recognition and facial rendering easy and cheap enough for entrepreneurs to hack and turn into wholly new businesses.Toronto-based GestSure Technologies, for example, uses a Microsoft Kinect module to create touch-free medical operating room tools. And Los Angeles-based Styku uses the Kinect module to scan consumers’ bodies and create a remote virtual fitting room where customers can “try on” clothes before making an online purchase. Nice fit, indeed.To get the complete story on how low-cost mocap has sparked a startup blitz, we sat down with Marty Smets, an ergonomics simulation engineer at Ford Motor Company in Dearborn, Mich.How does your company use MoCap? At a car company like Ford, motion-sensing technologies are an integral part of the design and manufacturing process. It helps us anticipate things like how drivers will see speedometers. And it flags us on how workers must move to build cars safely. The process shaves something like eight to 14 months off a four-year vehicle-development time. That is major money.How did this enterprise-level tech become a small-business opportunity?Business-grade motion tracking was once strictly the stuff of $250,000 camera systems and pricey processing software found in special effects films like Avatar or at Ford. No more. The $150 Xbox Kinect uses a low-cost depth sensor and camera to “see” in three dimensions. When the Kinect and the Wii came online, developers began messing with them, creating hacks en masse and giving rise to sites such as KinectHacks.net. Soon the web was flooded with new mocap ideas.It can’t be that simple for a small biz to get into.Actually it is. Microsoft recently released a formal, supported developer’s kit for the Kinect. For about $250 anybody can buy the software and tools needed to build robust mocap services. All that’s needed is the ability to program in basic computer languages–talent that can be found at any local college or technical school. To help advance the technology [startup accelerator] TechStars even launched a startup incubator specifically for Kinect-based ideas.How does this market work? Fortunately the game console manufacturers are taking their cues from Apple’s success with courting small developers through the App Store. Apple provided the tool and then opened it up to app-makers and asked, “How clever are you?” And as we’ve seen, the sky’s the limit in terms of imagination and potential moneymaking ideas. This story appears in the September 2012 issue of . Subscribe » Add to Queue Are Motion-Based Gaming Technologies Right for Your Business? Jonathan Blum –shares Technology Register Now » Next Article Free Webinar | July 31: Secrets to Running a Successful Family Business 3 min read October 11, 2012 Magazine Contributor Learn how to successfully navigate family business dynamics and build businesses that excel.
Sharing Economy Geoff Weiss 2019 Entrepreneur 360 List –shares Former Staff Writer Noelle Penraat is a prime exemplar of the money-making prospects currently available via Airbnb: the 62-year-old New York native made $61,000 off of her sprawling Upper West Side duplex in just nine months.But now, like many of the home-sharing startup’s most entrepreneurial hosts, Penraat is weathering a regulatory onslaught. A New York City judge ruled earlier this week that she must stop renting out rooms in the apartment immediately, and that her landlord has grounds to evict her, according to the New York Post.That’s because Penraat “has been profiteering from a rent-controlled apartment partially subsidized by another government program,” wrote Manhattan Supreme Court Justice Carol Edmead in her injunction. (Because she makes less than $50,000 per year, the Senior Citizen Rent Increase Program exempts Penraat from any rent increases.)Related: Good News for Airbnb Hosts and Uber Drivers: Here Comes InsuranceAnd like countless other New York City residents, Penraat’s neighbors have also taken umbrage with her revolving door. One submitted to the court that the “constant barrage of strangers” left him fearing for the safety of his family. Penraat’s building also contains a Montessori school attended by 175 children, according to the Post.Penraat, who has hosted 135 guests since February 2012 and could have earned as much as $118,300 on an annual basis, argued that there was nothing illegal about renting three of the apartment’s four bedrooms to “roommates,” reports Law360. But Edmead shot her down.In New York, the battle against Airbnb is highly fraught. Earlier this year, Attorney General Eric T. Schneiderman released a scathing report claiming that 72 percent of all rentals in the city are illegal. And unlike other major U.S. cities like San Francisco — where Airbnb rentals are slated to become legal in February — Penraat’s case seems to suggest that New York City regulators aren’t willing to back down.Related: This Anti-Luxe Lodging Startup Will Put You Up in a Half-Built Treehouse For $19 Add to Queue Airbnb Hostess Who Earned $61,000 in 9 Months Now Faces Eviction, Judge Rules Next Article The only list that measures privately-held company performance across multiple dimensions—not just revenue. December 26, 2014 2 min read Apply Now »
Legalization of medical marijuana in more than half the states has created a booming market for medicinal and personal care products. Cannabis Medicinals Sales Expected to Reach $2 Billion by 2020 Each week hear inspiring stories of business owners who have taken the cannabis challenge and are now navigating the exciting but unpredictable Green Rush. Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. Next Article Easy Search. Quality Finds. Your partner and digital portal for the cannabis community. November 15, 2016 Image credit: Jupiterimages | Getty Images Listen Now Cannabis –shares Guest Writer dispensaries.com A new report shows sales of cannabis-based medicinal and personal care products containing cannabidiol (CBD) are likely to skyrocket in the next four years.The market for CBD products will reach $2.1 billion in sales by 2020, according to projections from “The CDB Report” from the Hemp Business Journal. That’s a huge leap from the estimated $115 million in CDB sales expected in 2016, making CBD among the fastest growing segments of the legal marijuana and hemp industries.The report, based on interviews and insights from dozens of experts in the hemp, CBD and marijuana industries, projects a robust future for the CBD industry. Hemp Business Journal did the report in partnership with SPINS and BDS Analytics, two firms that specialize in consumer data.Related: 10 Cannabis Startups You Need to WatchCBD a distinct market from THC.CBD is the chemical compound in the marijuana plant found to cause relief from various ailments, including inflammation, anxiety, pain and muscle spasms. Unlike tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), another chemical compound found in high concentrations in marijuana, CBD causes no “high”. The British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology called CBD “a potential medicine for the treatment of neuroinflammation, epilepsy, oxidative injury, vomiting and nausea, anxiety and schizophrenia.”The U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency classifies cannabis inder Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act, the most tightly restricted category reserved for drugs that have “no currently accepted medical use.” Nonetheless, the Food and Drug Administration has granted approval for clinical trials of a CBD-based drug made by GW Pharmaceuticals that treats Lennox-Gastauf syndrome, a severe form for childhood-onset epilepsy.More products are hitting the market nationwide now that 28 states and the District of Columbia allow for legal medicinal cannabis.Related: Broad Voter Approval for Cannabis Has Likely Ignited Explosive GrowthCBD products on the rise.According to the report from Hemp Business Journal, $450 million of the projected $2 billion in CBD sales will come from hemp-based sources.The report also lists and provides information on some of the bigger names in the CBD market, including GW Pharmaceuticals, Insys Therapeutics, CV Sciences, Bluebird Botanicals, Atalo Holdings, CW Hemp, O.pen Vape and Dixie Elixirs.Outside of use by medical professionals, CBD products also are reaching the marketplace. Puration has released a new CBD-infused bottled water called EVERx CBD. The company hopes to reach $1 million in sales in 2017 for the new product.There are hundreds of CBD extracts, oils and rubs that can be used for pain management. There also are products for beauty, such as hair and skin care. You can even buy CBD-based oils for your pet that can be used to treat pain, arthritis, inflammation, anxiety and nausea, among other conditions.Related: Legal Marijuana a Big Winner in Elections Across the CountryClearly, CBD products provide another side to the cannabis plant that many are still learning about. Non-psychoactive and already proven to help with pain for different medical conditions, consumers continue to try CBD products in increasing numbers.And, if the Hemp Business Journal report is accurate, those numbers will continue to increase to the tune of $2 billion in sales in the course of just the next four years. Green Entrepreneur Podcast 3 min read Add to Queue
Further Reading Image Credit: Zahraa Saleh / Shutterstock Intranasal vasopressin improves social deficits in children with autismThe first study was conducted on children with autism. Karen Parker, a behavioural scientist at Stanford University, explains that the study of the effects hormone on lab voles was one of her earlier research work. Now she works as the director of the university’s Social Neurosciences Research Program and recruited human children with autism for the study. The study results appeared in the latest issue of the journal Science Translational Medicine this week (1st May 2019). The study was titled, “A randomized placebo-controlled pilot trial shows that intranasal vasopressin improves social deficits in children with autism”.The team writes that they examined the vasopressin levels in the children with autism spectrum disorder. They noted that these children have less amount of vasopressin in their spinal fluid compared to children who were not on the spectrum. They also noted that the symptom severity rose with lower levels of vasopressin. This included severe language and speech difficulties and increase sensitivity, poor IQ and cognitive skills etc.As a next step, Parker and her colleagues conducted a double blinded randomized controlled trial including 30 children with ASD aged between 6 and 12 years. The children were given a nasal spray containing either vasopressin (17 children) or placebo (13 children) over a period of four weeks.Results revealed that children with ASD who were given vasopressin nasal spray had significantly improved social skills and had little or no side effects due to the drug. They noted that the children improved on social communication and also improved on assessment of facial emotions of other people. They could better guess the thinking and feelings of other people. Parents as well as doctors assessing the children reported these improvements. “The parents saw improvement, the clinicians saw improvement, and the children’s performance on lab tests also improved with vasopressin compared to placebo,” Parker said. What is Autism? Autism Causes Autism Mechanism Autism Classification Autism Screening Autism Management Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Autism The Reward System and Autism Autism and Junk DNA Picky Eating and Autism: Tips & Advice By Dr. Ananya Mandal, MDMay 2 2019Autism is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder with no known drug treatment up until now. Researchers have finally found tweaking certain hormones could help patients with autism. There were two independent clinical trials including children and adults with autism that altered the effects of the hormone vasopressin and to assess the effects on social functioning.Researchers explain the vasopressin is an important hormone in the body that helps to maintain and regulate the kidney functions and blood pressure. Animal studies in the labs revealed that vasopressin has more complex actions in the brains. The hormone can affect social behaviours of the lab animals as well as their bonding with their mates, the researchers noted. There are studies showing the effects of administering vasopressin in healthy humans as well as in humans with dementia and other cognitive problems. The hormone when administered leads to improvement in memory and social skills of the humans, researchers have found. Antonio Hardan, professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Stanford University and co-author of the study said, “Autism is a very heterogeneous disorder. It may be possible, with autism, to see abnormalities that relate to either too much vasopressin or too little.”Parker in one of her statements said, “This is a pilot trial, so it’s important to acknowledge that. But there were significant improvements in kids on vasopressin. And we saw this convergent evidence on parent ratings, clinician evaluations, and laboratory tests of children’s performance.” She added that large trials with more number of children are necessary to prove the efficacy of the hormonal nasal spray in showing improvement. She explained that in her trial there were only 5 girls on ASD since boys were more commonly diagnosed with ASD than girls. She said that larger trials with equal gender representation may be needed to see if there was any gender specific efficacy of the drug.Vasopressin V1a receptor antagonist shows improved adaptive behaviors in men with autism spectrum disorderResearchers at Roche a Swiss-based pharmaceutical company also conducted a double-blinded, randomized, and controlled trial among adult men on the autism spectrum. The study results appeared in the latest issue of the journal Science Translational Medicine this week (1st May 2019). Senior researcher Dr. Paulo Fontoura senior vice president of neuroscience and rare diseases clinical development at Roche Pharmaceuticals led the study titled, “A phase 2 clinical trial of a vasopressin V1a receptor antagonist shows improved adaptive behaviors in men with autism spectrum disorder.”For their study the team administered an experimental drug balovaptan or placebo to 223 men with autism. Various doses of the experimental drug was administered (1.5, 4 or 10 milligrams of balovaptan). The mechanism by which the drug acts is by blocking one type of cell receptors in the brain that connects with vasopressin. Fontoura said in a statement that balovaptan has the potential “to improve the core characteristics of social interaction and communications in adults with ASD.” The drug therapy was administered for 12 weeks. Social skills and behaviour in this study as well was measured using the Social Responsiveness Scale.The results of the study showed that there was no significant improvement in the social skills of the men with the drug compared to placebo. The assessment of improvement was made by the primary care givers of the patients. One set of assessment questionnaires were given to patients directly to assess their perception of improvement in the social skills. Results revealed that self-reported benefits in social skills and communication was noted with second-highest and highest doses of the experimental drug.Expert speakThese two sets of researchers had not collaborated on their studies and the studies were independent. Experts have suggested that although one of the trials did not show an outright success, there is a possibility in exploring vasopressin in autism. As a next step, Parker and her team is working on recruiting a large group of children (100 children) on the spectrum to assess the efficacy and safety of their nasal spray. Similarly Roche is also planning a second set of trials with children on the spectrum aged 5 to 17 years. One of the studies is a Phase II trial among children and adolescents while the other phase III trial is among adults.Dr. Andrew Adesman, chief of developmental and behavioural pediatrics at Cohen Children’s Medical Center in New Hyde Park, was sceptical about the efficacy of vasopressin in autism. He said in a statement, “These two studies, taken together, suggest that treatments to increase vasopressin levels in the brain may be helpful for some patients with ASD. However, much more research is needed in terms of the long-term benefits and safety of this type of treatment.” He warned that vasopressin is approved as an antidiuretic to be prescribed by a physician. The hype caused by these studies may tempt patients to use the medication for autism. He said, “I think families and physicians need to be cautious in using this medication on the basis of a single short-term study.” “Given that there are very few if any good medication options for the treatment of ASD, I am sure there will be great interest in this novel treatment approach. That said, I think much more research is needed before we can feel comfortable recommending vasopressin as a safe and effective treatment for one of the core deficits in children with ASD,” he said.Kevin Pelphrey, an autism researcher at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, spoke about the conflicting results saying, “I’ve never seen this before.” He called the results exciting though adding that the role of vasopressin in the brain is to be studied with renewed interest.Angela Sirigu, neuroscientist at CNRS, in Bron France, is also investigating neurohormones for the management of autism. She called the results exciting.Eric Hollander, professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York, in his statement regarding the studies aid, “These two studies provide important information that the vasopressin or vasopressin and oxytocin systems are important in social communication. Different agents affecting these systems may ultimately be helpful in terms of new treatments for autism.”Lawrence Scahill, director of clinical trials at the Marcus Autism Center in Atlanta also warned about misinterpreting the results of these studies. He said, “Both of these studies suggest that the mechanism is worth further study. But I think we want to be careful not to overinterpret the findings.”Elizabeth Hammock, assistant professor of psychology and neuroscience at Florida State University in Tallahasse added that both the studies looked at two approaches of using vasopressin. She said, “They’re really divergent approaches to targeting the vasopressin system. And we don’t know for sure how either is working.”
Citation: Image: 3-D-molded interconnect devices (2018, April 11) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-04-image-d-molded-interconnect-devices.html An alternative to conventional circuit boards, these ‘3-D-molded interconnect devices’ add electrical connectivity to the surface of three-dimensional structures. Explore further Credit: ESA/Art of Technology AG New method developed to 3-D print fully functional electronic circuits Provided by European Space Agency This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. The aim is to combine mechanical, electronic and potentially optical functions in a single 3-D part, allowing the creation of intricate, precisely aligned designs using fewer parts while delivering significant savings in space and weight compared to conventional electronic manufacturing.”These prototype interconnect devices were produced using injection-moulded plastics incorporating electrical metallisation,” explains ESA’s Jussi Hokka. “In principle, however, other materials can also be used, allowing the incorporation of sensors or the integration of shielding or cooling systems.”
Boeing crashes cast spotlight on US aviation regulator Explore further Questions have been raised about why the Boeing 737 MAX was approved so quickly, despite flaws to its flight system Boeing said Monday that the flight stabilization system under scrutiny following two deadly 737 MAX plane crashes, met all US regulations. Citation: Boeing: 737 MAX certification followed US rules (2019, March 18) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-03-boeing-max-certification.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2019 AFP “The 737 MAX was certified in accordance with the identical Federal Aviation Administration requirements and processes that have governed certification of all previous new airplanes and derivatives,” Boeing said Monday.Boeing and regulators face increased examination over the stall prevention system, the Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System or MCAS, which authorities have said was likely a factor in deadly crashes in Indonesia in October, while the crash in Ethiopia earlier this month showed similarities.”The FAA considered the final configuration and operating parameters of MCAS during MAX certification, and concluded that it met all certification and regulatory requirements,” Boeing added.Since the Ethiopian crash, which claimed 157 lives, questions have been raised not only about Boeing, but also the FAA and its close relationship with the company.While it may take months for definitive conclusions, experts are asking why the MCAS was given the green light despite objections by American pilots who had voiced concerns with the system.Investigation into the Lion Air crash in October implicated the MCAS which can erroneously force the plane down when the autopilot is engaged, if it detects the plane may be at risk of a stall. Both crashes happened shortly after takeoff.American pilots had complained of the flaw, and Boeing has been working on a software upgrade to the system and issued new instructions about how to override the issue in the meantime.In service since May 2017, the 737 MAX 8, one of several variants of the 737 MAX, has now experienced two deadly tragedies, a scenario that is unprecedented for a new aircraft.The US Transportation Department’s inspector general is probing the FAA’s approval of the MCAS, the Wall Street Journal reported.The newspaper also said the criminal division of the Justice Department was looking into the development of the plane.The 737 MAX was certified as a variant of the 737 Next Generation, the plane it replaced, despite major differences in the engine and the MCAS, according to documents available on the FAA’s website.But because of budget constraints, the FAA delegated aspects of the approval process to Boeing itself, according to sources.Under a program, known as the Organization Designation Authorization (ODA), employees of Boeing are accredited by the FAA to assist in approving the aircraft—including design, production, flight tests, maintenance and other systems—as well as signing off on the training procedures of pilots on new planes.
Citation: Study questions current regulations on light pollution and calls for paradigm shift (2019, May 10) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-05-current-pollution-paradigm-shift.html Explore further Light pollution: The dark side of keeping the lights on Bright lighting conditionsMore specifically, when we go about our activities under dark lighting conditions, the human eye does not operate in the same way as it does in brightly-lit environments, but rather with what is known as mesopic vision. The characteristics of mesopic vision are particularly pronounced in settings such as very poorly-lit roads in rural areas, nature parks, areas near observatories, and so on. In this regard, the main characteristic of human vision in low lighting conditions is that white light is more effective.”Even though this is a known fact, the regulations governing light pollution are based on brightly-lit conditions. This means that the amount of white light necessary in light-protected areas has been overestimated,” says Dr. Peña.In short, in poorly-lit areas, the same effect in terms of visual perception and safety can be achieved by using a lower level of white light compared to the yellow light the law dictates for such areas.The study, which was conducted by Dr. Peña in collaboration with Adam Sedziwy of the AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, compared the scattered radiant flux, directed skyward, together with the electric energy consumed on a road in a light-protected area, under white light conditions (which is prohibited in this type of area) vs. the commonly-used yellowish light.”Although there is greater scattering when white light is used, the lower level of power needed to achieve the same degree of visual efficiency as light with a yellow hue more than makes up for this effect, and it produces a very significant energy saving. Specifically, the results we obtained show that white light provides an energy saving of 18 MWh per year, for every 5 km of road. And in both cases, the effect of the two types of lighting on drivers’ circadian rhythms are negligible in this type of setting, the dimly-lit road,” the researcher emphasizes.Dr. Peña warns that, although upwardly-directed scattered radiant energy is not directly comparable with the electric energy consumed, the savings achieved by using white light—in energy, environmental, and economic terms—together with the identical level of user safety it provides, should lead the government and regulatory bodies to approach the fight against light pollution from this much broader and more holistic perspective. An international study involving researchers from the University of Granada (UGR), Spain, and the University of Krakow (Poland) has found that Spain’s current regulations on light pollution are inadequate, as they fail to take into account all the necessary factors—including the key factor of human vision itself. Light pollution is a major problem, in energy, environmental, and economic terms. Credit: UGR More information: Antonio Peña-García et al, Optimizing Lighting of Rural Roads and Protected Areas with White Light: A Compromise among Light Pollution, Energy Savings, and Visibility, LEUKOS (2019). DOI: 10.1080/15502724.2019.1574138 In an article published in LEUKOS, the high-impact US Journal of the Illuminating Engineering Society, the scientists call on the government and regulatory bodies to use white rather than yellow light to illuminate areas that require special protection from light pollution (for example, those close to scientific observatories or nature parks). They claim white light is much more beneficial, both economically and environmentally.In their study, the researchers propose a change in the current paradigm, to approach the fight against light pollution “from a much broader and more holistic perspective.” Light pollution is a problem of the first order, in terms of energy consumption, the environment, and the economy. Its effects on public health, the equilibrium of ecosystems, and observational astronomy, to name but a few areas, have led governments worldwide to pass laws to minimize it.In simple terms, light pollution is caused by artificial night lighting that provides more light than is strictly necessary (over-illumination) or that is misdirected to somewhere it is not wanted or needed. Examples of the latter include the outdoor lighting that can trespass into homes, potentially altering people’s circadian rhythms, or the typical spherical street lamps that cast light skyward, where it is of little use and can adversely affect certain ecosystems and activities such as astronomical observation.These two causes of light pollution are not difficult to control, despite their proliferation in many municipalities around the world. However, there is a third cause that has captured the attention of researchers, but its eradication can be a source of controversy: the white light used in most outdoor LED illumination, which is dispersed throughout the atmosphere. This phenomenon is known as scattering.To avoid light scattering in the night sky, many countries prohibit the use of white light in protected areas such as observatories and nature parks. However, “this approach to light pollution, which almost exclusively focused on scattering, overlooks fundamental aspects of the visual perception of users and, therefore, their very safety,” explains Antonio Peña García, researcher at the UGR’s Department of Civil Engineering, director of the university’s Lighting Technology for Safety and Sustainability Research Group, and principal author of the study. Provided by University of Granada This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.